The Nakasero State House is a green lung in the heart of Kampala not far from the city’s raucous, chaotic traffic.
Past the grey gates, red brick walls and rigorous security checks, armoured, multi-purpose vehicles come into view. They lead up to the State House, and further, down a small unassuming pathway to the right, the residence of Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni.
On the balmy Saturday afternoon in September that we are there, this is a tranquil universe of flower beds, manicured lawns and tall, swaying trees. We are first welcomed to a banquet room at the State House, showcases here filled with awards, certificates, crystal, portraits and porcelain.
There is a simple buffet set up at the far end of the long white linen-topped table for people both inside and outside the room in the airy corridors that also have seating. They look like staff on a lunch break, as everyone helps themselves to plates of steaming rice, boiled spinach, chicken and matoke (a banana dish).
It would seem hospitality is a norm here. Anywhere in Uganda, any interaction is preceded by an invitation to what will be nothing but a sumptuous meal. The Ugandan pineapple, the sweetest in all of Africa, will be offered too, and so also hibiscus juice.
The ubiquitous hibiscus, the chirping birds and the calm afternoon breeze here at Nakasero are a far cry from the life Uganda’s First Family and the people led in exile, during the country’s painful years of political turbulence and tumult in the last century.
For a country of about 42 million, celebrating its 55th year of independence, this is a quiet moment in history.
As it prepares to fulfil its goal of becoming a middle income country by 2020, and tap into new opportunities in oil, agriculture and the services sector, this is a country that will never forget its past in a hurry.
“That was the life we led,” says Janet Kataaha Museveni, Uganda’s First Lady and Minister of Education and Sports, just before her exclusive, on-camera interview with FORBES WOMAN AFRICA and CNBC Africa, in a short sentence alluding to those long years away from her country and her husband, when she had to muster courage and conviction to stay in exile with her four young children.
The First Lady is in a colorful traditional floor-length wrap dress, tall and statuesque as she appears on the lawns. The years have been kind to her. She is soft-spoken and has an air of quiet dignity, as she unravels what it means to be a wife, mother, First Lady and minister.
In her book, My Life’s Journey, published in 2011, she recounts most of it, in a lucid, evocative way. She had started writing the book on her 60th birthday in 2008.
Born in the district of Ntungamo in southwestern Uganda, she recounts “beautiful lands with hills and valleys, streams and rivers” and an idyllic childhood.
Her initial – and rather humorous – encounters with President Museveni leading up to their wedding – which he almost couldn’t attend – in 1973 in England, and the years of hardship when she lost her brother and mother, and lived fearing death and danger in exile in Kenya, Tanzania and Sweden, make for engaging reading.
The future frightened her, but she never lost hope she would come home to Uganda. She later talks about it at our interview.
“I believed and prayed and hoped Uganda will one day be free. That was a hope that truly had to stay in my heart so I could manage day by day and as you have read [in the book], it took many years waiting for that hope, but it happened one day.”
The young Museveni brought laughter back into her life. She says in the book he gave her a sense of purpose.
After a drawn-out civil war, Museveni eventually became President of Uganda in 1986. But she says she never aspired to be First Lady.
“Indeed, when he became President, I was made to know that now as the wife of the President, I have to serve as the First Lady,” she tells us during the interview.
“It was very difficult for me because I was a private person. I wanted to do my voluntary work privately and quietly and live a private life but it’s not possible. Somehow, you’re drawn into politics and public life, and slowly I accepted to be what the public would want me to be and it’s a learning experience.”
She has a Bachelor of Arts in Education from Uganda’s Makerere University and a Diploma in Early Childhood Development from Sweden. She previously served as the Minister for Karamoja Affairs in the cabinet in 2011 and as elected Member of Parliament representing Ruhaama in Ntungamo.
Since mid-2016, she has been Minister of Education and Sports.
Not just politics, she’s also involved in philanthropy. She founded and has been patron to Uganda Women’s Effort to Save Orphans (UWESO) that cares for war-related and HIV/AIDS-affected orphans in Uganda; and the Uganda Youth Forum (UYF), an NGO that engages the youth for purposes of character and behavior formation particularly with regard to HIV and AIDS prevention.
Known as ‘mama’ by Ugandans, she is regularly seen at forums advocating for women and the girl child. Recently, on International Day Of The Girl Child, before a mammoth gathering, she launched the Gender in Education Policy to provide inclusive and equitable quality education and sports for all.
The First Lady says Uganda’s women are successful as doctors, lawyers, nurses, entertainers, farmers, teachers and in commercial enterprise. In March 2017, the Mastercard Index of Women’s Entrepreneurship (MIWE), revealed 34.8% of businesses in Uganda are owned by women.
“I think women feel called upon to participate in taking care of their families and because many of them will not go for employment in public life, they employ themselves in business and they are doing very well,” says the First Lady.
“In many areas, it’s women who are doing business. Many of them are in agriculture but they are also in food processing, sell food in the market places, they are in commercial enterprises in towns, even in rural towns. So you find many women are the ones managing commercial enterprises in the country.”
Her three daughters are successful in their own right too, but heap praise on their mother when we meet them. Diana Kamuntu, the Musevenis’ youngest, an entrepreneur in tourism, calls her mother her role model. The middle daughter Patience Rwabwogo, a pastor, extols her mother’s commitment to family.
Natasha Karugire, the eldest of the three, a designer turned filmmaker, has seen her mother closely the years she was in exile: “She was very resourceful, always doing everything she could to make sure we were clothed and eating… she didn’t have lights or electricity, but we survived.”
Irene Kauma Tewungwa, who has been the First Lady’s Principal Assistant for the last eight years, says of her boss: “Working with her is a privilege. It’s hectic work but her personality makes it interesting… She is a very authentic person. When she is serving, she is genuinely serving the people, and not doing it for the cameras. Everything she does is anchored in her faith in God.”
As we wind up our cameras at the end of our meeting, the First Lady turns to me, and says softly: “Thank you for coming here and letting me tell my story. God bless you.”
‘We Are A Country On The Move’
Excerpts from FORBES WOMAN AFRICA’s interview with Janet Kataaha Museveni at the Nakasero State House, where she talks about Uganda’s economy, her role as minister, her country’s progressive approach to refugees, and her life driven by faith:
Q: It is often perhaps wrongly perceived the First Lady is a mere shadow of the President or plays a supporting role. How have you managed to rise above those perceptions?
For a long time, I agreed with that perspective. I supported my husband for the largest part but the change came and I felt called upon to directly serve the people myself. I’ve always wanted so much to be able to participate directly to serve the people because, first of all, I am grateful that my family, having lived a very difficult life in Uganda, managed to come back home safely, and I wanted in a way to say thank you to God because for me, my whole life is directed by God. So I felt I had a debt to pay, I needed to help somebody else and so that’s how I felt called upon to go and serve in public life. And I had to go and represent my family constituency in Parliament and that’s how I came out and started something different, not just as the First Lady but as an Ugandan woman, and to serve the people I believed I owed it to.
It was not understood initially, but eventually people realized that First Ladies also have the right to serve their country in their individual capacity… I still support my husband’s work from time to time. I still participate in some of my voluntary work that I used to do before, but now I also have the contract with the people to serve them.
Q: You recently finished a year as Minister of Education and Sports. Uganda has one of the fastest-growing youth populations in the world. Where do you see them headed?
We have a challenge with employment presently, and are focusing on giving skills to our young people. We have now many public universities and a big population of young people come out of them annually. But also a large percentage does not get employment straight away and that’s because many of them really train to do white-collar jobs in our economy, but those jobs are not many. So we are focusing on skilling them so that they are able to employ themselves. So we are hoping we’ll get a critical mass of them to become truly skilled and be able to provide their own employment and employ others. We are hoping many of them can still go to agriculture and industrialization. We are a country on the move and expanding our industry base, expanding our service sector, and so we are hoping that many of our young people become skilled themselves, then they can enter those sectors and be employed and also employ others.
Q: There’s much talk about the oil economy in Uganda, and young women becoming entrepreneurs in that space. Are you looking at developing that?
Yes, we are planning and trying to really start an oil industry complete with its refinery, and so we know that a good number of our young people will be trained in the oil industry.
Q: What are the efforts to empower those in agriculture and bring them into the formal economy?
We are now working with some partner countries that help us train young people for commercial agriculture… so we are having some of our young go out and train and come back to train others, to start farms where others can train from in Uganda. Because then we can provide a lot of food and we’re hoping that we can be the food basket for this region. And if that can employ more of our young people then that’s what we are trying to do.
Q: As Uganda celebrates 55 years, where is the economy headed?
Fortunately, our economy has been growing – many years in the past, it has never grown at less than 6% or 7% per year – so we are hoping it will continue, and if we expand our industry base, because we are still an agrarian country basically. We are moving to industrialization and hoping we will grow our economy more, and indeed the oil industry, our real estate and services sector. We hope all those put together, our economy will continue to grow. We are a young country, so we think we have a good trend we are following right now.
Q: You set up the Uganda Women’s Effort To Save Orphans. What are your continued efforts to improve the plight of orphans and women in need?
My time now is the challenge. Because the Ministry of Education is a huge ministry, I spend a lot of my time at the ministry, but I still try as much as possible to make some time to work with the NGOs I founded because we still have those very vulnerable families and children who need our support. But I have a big support group in those NGOs that continues with the work, and so just from time to time, I meet with them, I have some input in their work but basically they are now continuing with the work I used to do with them.
Q: Uganda has always opened its doors to refugees. With an influx of one million refugees from South Sudan, how are you dealing with that challenge?
It’s not just South Sudan, it’s also Somalia, and it’s a big challenge. But we have opened our doors to them, and accept them to come and share what we have. We share our education system, health system, they use everything we have just like Ugandans but that indeed [overwhelms] our own system and that’s a challenge. So we are trying to raise awareness in the world that those willing to give us some support should support our refugees through us, so we can expand our service sector, so as we serve, the communities that house the refugees will also serve the refugees… We cannot forget there was a time when we also needed support and people opened their doors to us. So now it’s our time.
Q: Uganda had some success in reducing rates of HIV and also ending child marriage, and you work very closely with OAFLA (Organisation of African First ladies Against HIV/AIDS)…
Our work in Uganda was to educate young people so they know how to protect themselves from HIV, because when we first started facing that pandemic, it was a major challenge. So what we needed to do was to give education and information to our young people, that the best possible way to protect themselves is to make sure they don’t open themselves up to premarital sex, and those who are married to be faithful to their partners in marriage, and not to allow themselves to have more than one spouse and also for those who live reckless lives, to make sure at least they use condoms.
And that changed people’s lives very quickly, especially young people, and because of that, the reduction came down so quickly and made a tremendous impact on the young population. But after some time, we also slowed down – we believed everybody now has a story, they got the drugs, and so we relaxed – but people still suffer from HIV and AIDS, and therefore because of that, we continue to educate young people especially.
Q: Neighboring Rwanda has 63% representation of women in Parliament. Are there any policies in Uganda to increase the number of women in cabinet and the private sector?
Yes, we have a big percentage of women in politics. At least 33% members of Parliament are women, and in cabinet, it is 35%. We do have a big number of women leaders in leading organizations of government. It is our government’s policy to promote women’s leadership and it is happening. So there are certain areas that can only be represented by women in politics and Parliament.
Every district must have a woman representative, in addition to constituency members of Parliament. So most of the women come through that and they are also free to compete at the constituency level, that’s why we have a big percentage of women in Parliament. But by and large, I think we have a huge percentage of women leaders now and considering our population, that also increases the number. Smaller countries like Rwanda have a big percentage in Parliament, but because their population is smaller, the numbers are not as big as those in Uganda.
Q: You say in your book, My Life’s Journey, through your years of hardship, you relied on Africa’s extended family system. Do you see that in society today?
It’s not as strong as it was unfortunately. People have become more self-centred and they do their own business, and the extended family is not as strong as it used to be. Our lifestyle has changed, people just know their small family, that is it… Our generation knew a lot about our extended families – they were stronger, they really relied on each other for support, for livelihood, for everything.
Q: Do you think Africans are saying their stories enough?
No, but I’m hopeful it will happen. I am really hopeful women would see the need to tell their own stories to their own children, just like I did. I didn’t [initially] think there was a need for me to talk about my life and bring it into public. In fact, I believed very strongly my life was mine to keep and perhaps share with my own children, but I was convinced at some stage that I wrote my own story and I have heard from many women lately they want to do that. I’m hoping more and more women will do that and our population, now that we are stable, can also begin to read because we were not a reading community. We just used to hear word-of-mouth stories but I’m hoping now there will be time for people to read and it will compel them to write their own stories too.
Q: You have three daughters. Do you see any of them taking to politics?
I would like you to ask that question to them directly. I would like to hear that answer from each one of them.
Q: In the book, you mention the President’s indefatigable spirit and sense of humour. What is it like working with him?
I work very closely with him. It’s motivating to have him around because you watch and see how he works and works, all the time for many hours, and so it just gives you the drive to see that you just can’t be tired. Because this person is continuing (laughs), you must also have that strength to go on, and so it is always a challenge to learn from what he’s doing, and attempt to do what you see him do all the time.
Q: Do you get time for yourself, between work and family?
I really do work long hours through the week, but I struggle to keep the weekends for myself. Many times I fail even at that. As you can see, this is the weekend and I’m right here (laughs). But when I can get the weekends, I am with my children and grandchildren, but it’s not always possible.
Q: Do you have any regrets, anything you would like to change?
No, because my public service started very late in life. I have done what I needed to do, I was very happy to serve where I felt called upon, but in the shortest time I have served in public life, I feel gratified that at least I have also added my own brick on the building of my nation… I think it’s a duty for every person to do something for their country.
Young countries like Uganda need each one of us, each individual Ugandan ought to do something for Uganda and unless we do that, we can’t really educate our children about what they are required to do. If we want to see Uganda become better, we must be willing to do something that will make it better than it was yesterday. So I don’t have any regrets, I just pray I can be used by God for as long as I can to serve my country, to make it a better place than I found it. That’s my mission.
Q: You have a deep faith in God, what was that life-changing moment for you?
It’s a special place when I found God because it changed my life forever… I lived a big part of my life without knowing God, and I regretted that when I found Him. I was fortunate to be able to tell my children my own experiences and I believe it helped them make their own decisions about their lives.
Q: And as you have said in your book, the best years are yet to come?
I hope that. At my age, I hope that!
You Only Live Twice
The Two Faces That Mean Business
A complete irony that just as the words ‘women power’ are mentioned in the room, the power goes off.
It’s a cold winter’s day in Johannesburg and the Greenside suburb that we are in for this interview is encountering unscheduled load-shedding.
The word power was in describing Phuti Mahanyele’s and Stacey Brewer’s ascent to corporate celebrity.
On this day, just before the photoshoot, they are quivering in the cold, dark studio, defiantly relating separate stories about their successes, but united in their quest for excellence in a renewed South Africa. They are resolute about gender dynamics and what it has meant to stave off stereotypes and rise to being leaders in their individual spheres.
Sipping hot coffee out of a styrofoam cup, Mahanyele talks about success born of years of hard work.
It was not just blood, sweat and tears that defined her growth, but also sacrifice and illness.
Today, she is one of the richest self-made entrepreneurs in South Africa, a mentor and businesswoman commanding the boardroom.
This is a world away from apartheid South Africa into which she was born.
She was born in the urban township of Soweto, home to icons like Nelson Mandela, Richard Maponya and Trevor Noah. Here, she first learned about struggle, power and resilience.
In the 1970s, it was a place of defiance and resistance. She credits her parents’ hard work, in the face of a racist South Africa, for her success. Her father, Mohale Mahanyele, one of the country’s pioneers of black business, taught her that limitations are actually opportunities.
Mohale knew hardship. He grew up in a four-room house in the township with 12 siblings.
“He once told us how he told his friends he wanted to have a degree and they would all laugh. I remember him telling us that one of his friends said to him, ‘you know, if you work hard at this job, one day, you won’t have to catch a bus because you would be able to catch a taxi. That’s how good life can be’. But my father had other plans for his life and worked hard to make it happen,” says Mahanyele.
At the time of his death in 2012, Mohale was one of South Africa’s most successful businessmen who served on many boards. He left a wealth of knowledge and a legacy.
“My father used to include us in everything and travel with us. I remember going to events with him as his partner. He was not afraid to expose us to things he wanted us to achieve. We would go with him to gala events and meetings here in South Africa and oversees,” she recalls.
It steeled her for a future in the cold, dark world of business.
“I remember at one gala event, my father was sitting next to the CEO of a large mining business. The CEO was a very big personality in South Africa but for some reason, they didn’t get on well. At this event, they sat next to each other and I was in the middle. I was so confident that I took it to myself that since he won’t talk to my dad, I would speak to him. I remember speaking to this man and he would look at me awkwardly and respond to me very briefly and I would ask him another question,” chuckles Mahanyele.
She says her father spoke to her like she was an adult business woman. He also had a career plan for her. He wanted her to study economics, but she wanted to be a ballerina. Like an obedient daughter, she followed his instructions and went on to study for a bachelor of economics in the United States (US).
“Even after finishing the economics degree, I still wanted to be a dancer but my dad had a whole plan for me. He had even worked out which companies I should work for,” she says.
It was only when she was working on her thesis for her MBA in the United Kingdom (UK) that she fell in love with business.
“I was looking at how black economic empowerment would impact black business. I then had an interest in mergers and acquisitions because I saw this as an area where one could create opportunities for black-owned businesses in South Africa.”
After graduation in the US, she returned home to work for her father. She says it was interesting but she quickly discovered that working in an environment where her father was the boss was not ideal.
“You could never really achieve anything without it being attributed to your father,” she says.
In 1995, just a year after South Africa became a democracy, she moved to Cape Town to work at a company where her father had no influence.
“I remember going to interviews and they didn’t know anyone with my surname which was wonderful.
I knew I was getting that job because of my own merit.”
It wasn’t as fulfilling as she thought it would be. She was employed as a brand manager but had little to do.
“I had a title, a lovely office and everything but there was no work. I essentially could show up, do nothing all day and nobody would care. I wasn’t expected to do anything. I think it was a time when people were just trying to fill the numbers to say they have a black female employee except I had zero to do. Everyone was busy and the person who had worked in that position before had work but I didn’t,” says Mahanyele.
She quickly realized it was time to move on. To properly arm herself with enough tools to disrupt the world of business, she swapped her high-paying job for a less-paying position in advertising.
“They were launching SABC 1, 2 and 3 and I was recruited as an account manager back in Johannesburg. It was very busy and I worked unbelievable hours but I loved it because I needed to grow.”
As she was working, she realized there wasn’t going to be any longevity on the job. This was when she left to study for her MBA in the UK. She then applied for a job at Fieldstone, an investment banking advisory service firm in New York.
“They were not looking for anyone and they had never had a black person from the African continent apply for a job so it was a bit weird. I heard ‘no’ several times but I kept applying.”
When they realized she wasn’t going to stop, they offered her an internship. It came with a small stipend, long hours and no benefits. Even though it was less than she was used to, she grabbed the opportunity with both hands.
“It was very difficult at first because I was from the African continent and I had never been to an Ivy League university. People I worked with were from Ivy League and it was difficult competing with them…I made the most of it. At home, it had not made sense that I would go from a corporate job to having an MBA and then an internship. It seemed as if I was going backwards but I knew I wasn’t going backwards because I was getting experience in an industry I had zero experience in.”
With hard work, at the end of the internship, she was offered a job.
“I didn’t expect it at all because I remember one of the difficult times during that internship was when I tried to speak to a black female partner so I could introduce myself. She was shocked I was there and assumed I was lost. She quickly showed me the way to where the interns sat.”
Mahanyele dedicated seven years to the firm. She went from intern to associate, then associated director and finally the vice president of the company.
“I worked long hours and one more thing I used was what I learned from my father. He taught me to always have good relationships with people. It doesn’t mean you have to be best friends with everyone but it means whenever you engage with people you are positive and it’s meaningful. That’s how I managed to climb the ladder fast,” she says.
After seven years, it was time to move back home. With her skill and experience, she was immediately snapped up by a big organization.
“I was used to working long hours to get the work done but here, I had a team and at 5PM, they would all leave to go home. I remember the first time it happened, I thought there was a meeting somewhere and my PA had forgotten to tell me about it. I remember calling one of them and he told me he was home. I said ‘what time are you coming back?’ and he said ‘why?’ and I’m like ‘the sun is still up’. I was shocked but quickly realized everyone came at 8AM and left at 5PM.”
She says it was a difficult time for her as a leader. She assumed that her team was demotivated and had many of them in disciplinary hearings.
“I realized I had to understand my new environment. People here had a different way of doing things. Because you go home early, it doesn’t mean you are not productive,” says Mahanyele.
“What I didn’t realize was that the problem was with me because I hadn’t looked at the environment to realize the culture here was that people did what they needed to do at the time.”
It wasn’t long before she was recruited by South Africa’s current President Cyril Ramaphosa as the head of the energy division of his then business, Shanduka Group. She was soon chosen as the CEO of the group.
“The boardroom was very interesting. We weren’t seeing a lot of young black women. I remember one of my colleagues telling me that they walked into a boardroom and one of the board members assumed she was one of the tea ladies and immediately placed an order…I remember even being on a flight and sitting next to a person I had only read about and he started flirting with me telling me what apartment he could buy me even though I was married,” she recounts.
She didn’t let these gender setbacks deter her.
At the helm of Shanduka, she managed the group’s multi-million dollar investments in South Africa and on the rest of the continent including in energy in Mozambique, and telecom in Nigeria. Shanduka had big investments in companies such as McDonald’s, Coca-Cola, SEACOM, Aggreko in Mozambique and in other sectors.
“What I loved about Shanduka is that it was business that wasn’t just focused on returns but focused on impacting the lives of people. When we launched the business, we also launched a foundation.”
In 2015, after a decade of service, she left the company after making bold moves boosting the company’s profits. During her time at Shanduka, Mahanyele was responsible for securing important transactions such as the China Investment Corporation (CIC) – which was the corporation’s first direct investment in South Africa – which owned 25% equity in the Shanduka Group at the time. She also sealed a partnership with Aggreko that increased Shanduka’s skills in the temporary power sector. This translated into the company becoming one of Eskom’s private power suppliers.
Soon after her departure, she founded Sigma Capital Group, a privately-held, majority black-owned investment group. It has interests in power and infrastructure, real estate, technology, media and telecommunications, consumer goods businesses and financial services.
It was a tough journey here. A few years before this venture, the long hours almost cost her her life.
“Sometimes, we can overlook ourselves. I focused a lot on what was going on at the time. My father had passed away, we were finalizing the closing of Shanduka and I had a lot of stress. I remember I was in a board meeting and I had a massive headache. I took it that maybe if I went shopping, the headache would go away but instead I collapsed in a shopping center in London…”
She felt better, returned to South Africa and collapsed again on her way to a meeting. She lost her short-term memory at the time and struggled for a long time.
“Fortunately, I had a great neurologist who I don’t see any more, thankfully.”
She had to redesign her life.
“It’s about looking after our health and managing stress. My schedule has changed significantly. I don’t manage as many things at the same time and I don’t put as much pressure on myself because I realize you can die young,” says Mahanyele.
One of the things she still does though is mentoring young people. One of her lucky mentees is Emmanuel Bonoko, a public relations entrepreneur and part of the 2016 FORBES AFRICA 30 Under 30 list.
“I am blessed to have mentors like Phuti Mahanyele…She taught me that small things count a lot, she taught me to keep putting in more effort and learning from others, never to be ashamed of struggle, humility, start small, to arm myself with education and to adapt with trends,” says Bonoko, crediting Mahanyele for his success.
According to Mahanyele, mentorship is an important part of the growth of an economy. She says a lot of young people lack confidence.
“It’s something I often see missing in young people. Just having the confidence to approach someone that you don’t know and try to build a relationship towards something you want to achieve,” she says.
With all the work, there has been recognition too.
In 2007, she was named a World Economic Forum Young Global Leader. The Wall Street Journal counted her among the Top 50 Women in the World to watch in 2008. In 2011, Forbes named her one of the 20 youngest power women in Africa, and in 2014, she was named FORBES WOMAN AFRICA Business Woman of the Year.
It’s clear that this bright star is still adding to her net worth, rising, inspiring and disrupting business.
The Futurist In Education
Equally adamant about disruption is Stacey Brewer, swimming with the big fish in South Africa’s booming education sector.
According to Berkery Noyes, an independent mid-market investment bank in the US, in 2015, there were 415 mergers and acquisitions in the education industry valued at a whopping $17.75 billion.
In Africa too, there has been a spike in demand for quality.
Caerus Capital LLC, an investment and advisory firm that focuses on healthcare and education businesses in emerging markets, says 25 million children are expected to join private institutions in the next five years. In its Business of Education in Africa report, it predicts that one in four children will be enrolled in private schools by 2021. If this prediction is true, it means investors could pocket between $16 billion to $18 billion over the next five years.
Those with money – and ideas – are taking advantage of the opportunity.
In South Africa, last year, the country’s first education impact fund, Schools Investment Fund, announced an investment of nearly R200 million ($15 million) to build four new schools.
Although she wasn’t inspired by the high-profit margins, through her venture, SPARKS Schools, Brewer is making her mark. She is an unlikely candidate for education entrepreneurship but like Mahanyele, she relentlessly pushes for success.
“I think my first word was ‘no’. I don’t like rules and regulations, so I’m naturally a person who loves to create her own space… I really like to figure things out and especially when people say it’s impossible to do, it makes me want to do it even more,” says Brewer.
Also similar to Mahanyele, her life changed while she was doing her MBA.
“I was actually shocked; I didn’t even realize the state of education is so bad in the country. The professor was showing us how much we spend on education and the fact that we prioritize education but we are ranked at the bottom of the world. I just thought that it’s completely unacceptable and it just makes no sense and that’s when I did my thesis on it,” she says.
Armed with research, a co-founder, Ryan Harrison, who understands technology, and people who believed in her, in 2011, she took a bold move and founded SPARKS Schools to help improve the state of education in South Africa.
“I literally spoke to everyone I met about my idea and asked for referrals. If I hadn’t done an MBA, I don’t even think I would’ve had the idea, I don’t think I would’ve had the courage and support to go out and launch by any means…I honestly don’t believe in the fact that someone else could steal your idea if you share too much. I mean most ideas are out there anyway and the difference between that is actually the execution process and the passion and believing in it completely because that’s the only thing that keeps you going when times are tough,” she says.
She finally received R60,000 ($4,500) in seed capital to travel overseas to explore the idea.
“We took a lot of inspiration from the US so we had to go see if it was viable. We looked at Rocketship, a school in the US which pioneered blended learning there. We went there to see if it’s possible to take inspiration that would work in South Africa.”
Brewer was impressed.
“The results the kids were achieving were unbelievable. They were competing against affluent schools in the area, they were working with second language English speakers, they were working with families from a complete mixture of backgrounds, and a lot of them were from disadvantaged backgrounds and yet they were competing with affluent schools. It was very impressive in terms of what was possible and from there, we said we absolutely can do it and then two of their staff members came to join us,” she says.
It wasn’t going to be easy. They needed to raise R4.5 million ($340,000) to start a school. They tried to raise funds but doors were being shut everywhere they went.
It was dark times because they had no track-record. All they had was a dream to open a network of schools which would disrupt South Africa’s education economy.
“You lose confidence at some point because you’re not sure if it’s ever going to kick-off. But luckily, Ryan and I could pick each other up when one was down and times were tough. We had to find another way, as we really had nothing to lose. If it didn’t get off the ground then it didn’t, and we would have to find a job in that case.”
Luckily, through a contact at the Gordon Institute of Business Science (GIBS), where she did her MBA, they got a lucky break.
“The entire experience was really tough. It was only when the first person said yes, and put in money that we felt better. At first, we were like ‘are you sure?’ It came as a surprise because everyone else was just saying ‘no’.”
It was a start to a multi-million dollar company. Their initial investor introduced them to a group of other people who also invested.
They opened the first school in a house in Randburg. It had six big rooms, a kitchen, lounge and a pool. They used a lot of PR to get publicity and build credibility.
“We recruited our first family while seated in a coffee shop. I take my hat off for families who started with us because it is high risk,” says Brewer.
Their model of education won many parents over. The vision was to build a network of schools that offer better education at the same price as government. Here, they mixed traditional classroom learning with computer learning.
This kind of teaching was a hit. They enrolled 160 children within the first year. They then opened another school in Cresta, also in Johannesburg.
“We opened it up in 2014, but we had originally planned to open it up in 2015. We then realized that the model was working, the demand was high and we went for it. In fact, by 2015, we had four schools in total.”
Today, there are 15 SPARKS schools around the country. Brewer plans to open another six next year, including their first high school.
“Our high school model is going to be different. We haven’t formally announced the model yet but we will offer a whole lot of different subjects…It’s going to be an evolution,” she says.
The way they teach has already evolved. The school has two blended learning modules. In the foundation phase, which is Grade R to 3, they have lab rotation and Grade 4 to 7 is the flex model where the high-level children get introduced to a concept in the classroom, and then they leave the classroom and go to the lab where they get to interact with the data software to allow for extended reinforcement of what happened in the classroom. Right from Grade R, the children are rotating like in a high school and go to their special subject teachers for particular subjects.
“In our flex model, each child is on a different rotation, moving from different modalities of learning from online, to group work, to getting into practice, to direct instruction with the teacher. In the lab rotation for the foundation phase, there’s actual software that the kids use for a maths program and a literacy program. It’s all about mastering, as they will go on the different levels. We have no text books and it’s all about doing different projects.”
Here, teachers go through extensive training to be able to handle this type of system.
“It gets tough for other teachers who have experience from other traditional schools. It takes about six months for them to fully get used to the teaching system. It’s just so different from the other schools,” says Brewer.
Although aligned with the national program, Brewer says their learners should be way ahead, as they are constantly benchmarking international standards.
“What I love about this model in particular, is that its personalized learning. It doesn’t matter when the learners come to us; we are able to get them up to speed…We don’t screen any of our children, it’s a first-come-first-serve basis, meaning any child from any community can achieve and grow…An example would be that in the country you’re only expected to know how to read when you are in Grade 2, whereas our learners can do that in Grade 1.”
SPARKS Schools have over 7,000 children and they employ over 750 staff. She is now focusing on growing the school network with hopes to double the number of schools they currently have in the next five years.
“When I did my MBA at GIBS, I was always worried because people see entrepreneurs as calculated and that they only worry about making money. But I was like, there’s got to be another side to it, there has to be social good,” she says.
This success has earned Brewer much praise. Many call her an innovator.
“I don’t necessarily think of myself as an innovator, but it’s something we definitely want to do as an organization, to completely disrupt the education sector and not just locally, but internationally as well. We deliver education on a high note and get our kids ready for what the future may hold,” she says.
Although Brewer grew up watching her father build businesses, she says she never ever thought she would end up becoming an entrepreneur.
“Even now, I’m still not sure if I am an entrepreneur. It’s just so funny – it’s just this title. I’ve always been someone who wants to create change and I don’t wait on other people. If social entrepreneurship is about someone who is adamant to create a social change, and move the human race, then I’m absolutely that person.”
According to Brewer, success doesn’t mean the end of fear. She says, even after opening the school, she was paranoid that something might go wrong or things would fall apart. Even today, she says worries about absolutely everything.
“Now I have just built up a huge amount of resilience over time. I don’t take things as personally as I used to,” she says.
One thing she is afraid of though is the future of education in Africa. According to Brewer, Africa’s classrooms, as we know them, are changing. She says the classroom of the future will be ushered in by high demand for futurist classrooms such as what they offer at SPARKS Schools.
In the words of poet W B Yeats, “Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire.”
Brewer is just the spark that was needed in the dark.
The Tall Lawyer, Investor And Philanthropist In A Power Suit
Aluko & Oyebode, Nigeria’s formidable commercial law firm, at No.1 Murtala Mohammed Road in Ikoyi, Lagos, Nigeria, is unusually empty for a Saturday.
It gives one enough time to admire its plush interiors. Describing it would be taking a page out of a John Grisham novel.
The imposing building houses three floors of prime real estate in the heart of the city and on one of the most expensive strips in Lagos.
As you walk in, the blood-red walls are juxtaposed with grey metallic fixtures and fittings. The décor of the building is reminiscent of past cultures of various African countries.
Each floor is delightfully curated with Afro-centric artefacts and in the middle floor of the building is the firm’s seat of power, the office of its leader, Gbenga Oyebode.
For a sweltering Nigerian afternoon, Oyebode is dressed like no other in a 100-mile radius of the elite Victoria Island hub of Lagos: in a two-piece power suit, his signature outfit. Today, it is in black, accented by a deep blue tie.
Oyebode is cordial and pleasant with the team as he takes his position on the ground floor for the first set of pictures for the FORBES AFRICA cover.
He is the Chairman of Aluko & Oyebode, one of the largest integrated law firms in Nigeria with over 70 lawyers and three offices in Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt.
The firm provides a comprehensive range of specialist legal services to a highly diversified clientele including top-tier Nigerian, international and multinational clients. In his capacity as chairman, Oyebode coordinates the various practice areas of the firm.
Described as a consummate dealmaker who has received plaudits from clients and peers alike for his corporate acumen, Oyebode’s areas of expertise cover energy and natural resources, power projects, foreign investment and privatization, telecommunications and project finance.
It is not just his formal dressing that is unusual.
Law firms in the country, family-owned by tradition, almost never run their firms like well-oiled machines providing solutions for several sectors at the same time. Oyebode was one of the pioneers of this concept. And it has not been an easy journey.
“It exposed me to these great minds I read about in the The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times and I said very quickly to myself that I wanted to be like them,”
The 59-year-old spent the early years of his life musing over the promises of life in the civil service, a path taken by his father. It was a stable and comfortable job and one had guaranteed employment as well as a good salary. But he was compelled to ponder the possibilities of a riskier career.
“In those days, being a civil servant was the dream of every young person due to the stability of the job. However, as I started reading law, it became clear to me that I wanted to be an entrepreneur and for a lawyer that means opening a law firm,” says Oyebode as he takes a break from the photoshoot to begin our interview.
And that is exactly what he did. But not just any law firm, he wanted to leave behind a dynasty of great lawyers whose work would carry on long after he was gone.
If he had worked for any Nigerian law firm, his future would not have been guaranteed.
“The history of Nigerian law firms in the early 80s and some of them today was that they were set up by great minds essentially to be kept in the family. Their children went to law school and even if you were a great lawyer who worked with them, they make it very clear that you shouldn’t be thinking about your future at the law firm, because they were going to hand over the business to their children. So I understood that it was not going to work for me,” says Oyebode.
At well over six feet, Oyebode has a towering presence in any room, yet his calm and cordial disposition immediately sets you at ease and makes you feel as though you are having a conversation with an old friend.
Sitting in the conference room of his eponymous firm, Oyebode recalls a series of events that shaped the course of his career.
Like the time he was going to university and struggled to get guidance from mentors who would have advised him on the best path to take to become a successful legal entrepreneur.
The prominent Nigerian lawyers at the time were not strictly lawyers who worked at the firm but were mostly also involved in other professions.
According to Oyebode, the earliest nationalists of Nigerian politics were all lawyers, who used the law that they had learned abroad to change the system in Nigeria to gain independence and push the envelope against colonialism.
That would later become the real motivation for Oyebode to become a lawyer. For him, the ability to use law to change the political system with democracy or creating value was a calling he wanted to be a part of.
After graduating from the University of Ife in 1979, he immediately went to the Nigerian Law School and thereafter, completed his postgraduate degree at the University of Pennsylvania (UPenn) in the United States (US).
“What UPenn did for me was show me that there was a different way to do things and that the world was bigger than the opportunities I had in Nigeria. One of the most significant things about going to an Ivy League institution is how they draw from great minds around. So we went to conferences where great minds in the capital markets were and it was a game-changer. It exposed me to these great minds I read about in the The Wall Street Journal and The New York Times and I said very quickly to myself that I wanted to be like them,” recalls Oyebode.
His journey is a textbook case study on how to systematically build a business step by step. He eschews convention. From the minute he finished primary school, his father signed up to a subscription of Reader’s Digest that was to become his monthly diet.
“He thought that it was important for us to read. He said it was important for us to understand what happened around the world. So one of the things that I do continually even today is I read the Reader’s Digest every month. It shaped my view of the world and created for me a situation where I learned more about the things that were happening around me and I was not limited to Nigeria,” says Oyebode.
His tenure as an associate at White & Case, one of the world’s leading law firms, helped him visualize the type of law firm he wanted to build of his own.
“American law firms were the type of law firms I thought we could replicate in Nigeria. Their vision for building big partnerships and for those partnerships to survive named partners was impressive. So it was very clear where I wanted to go and what I wanted to do. I worked with White & Case for a year and I said to myself it was time to come back home,” says Oyebode.
Home had changed a whole lot while he was away. Nigeria had returned to democracy after years of military rule. The business environment was growing and there was a need for competent people to push the envelope and help with the development of law and business.
Furthermore, there were less than 10,000 lawyers admitted to practice law and Oyebode decided he would rather be one of 10,000 in Nigeria than one of a million in the US.
Soon after making that decision, disaster struck. No sooner had he returned to Nigeria did the crude oil market collapse and the Nigerian economy took a dip for the worse. The democratic government that had motivated Oyebode to come back was very quickly removed in a coup d’état in 1983.
“Before we knew it, the [Muhammadu] Buhari government was in power. To make matters worse, the naira had collapsed and the country was looking at a structural adjustment program with the World Bank. So contrary to my plans, things changed very quickly. I couldn’t go back to the US and I had to make do with things in Nigeria,” says Oyebode.
But where there are clouds, there is also a silver lining. Oyebode chose to keep faith and stick it out. He applied to work for the Gulf Oil Company, which later merged with Chevron, and spent two years learning about the oil and gas industry.
“That was very instructive because it gave me an opportunity to work in an industry, which was Nigeria’s biggest foreign exchange earner. I essentially cut my teeth working in Nigeria’s oil industry. I saw through the merger of Gulf and Chevron and then decided it was time to go out and do my own thing.”
In 1985, Oyebode went into partnership with friends and started his first law firm
Ajumogobia, Okeke, Oyebode & Aluko. After eight years of success, the firm was dissolved due to internal challenges. The string of such incidents, be it the country’s economic downturn or disagreements with partners, have all contributed to the success story Oyebode is today.
“What is impressive about Oyebode is his calmness and composure in times of crisis. He has the ability to look beyond that problem and says ‘how do we move on from this and get to the solution’,” says Tunde Folawiyo, Managing Director of Yinka Folawiyo Group in Nigeria.
That steadfastness has been an invaluable trait for Oyebode over the years.
He went on to establish Aluko & Oyebode with his other partner. Perpetual wins translated into mammoth personal gains for the legal mastermind.
Oyebode’s is also the story of a smart entrepreneur who, spurred by the increase in the proliferation of Western companies in Nigeria, spotted an opportunity in corporate law and has methodically worked to cash in on it.
He is currently advising on the Brass LNG Project, a joint venture between NNPC, TOTAL, Conoco Philips and Agip for the construction of a $3.5 billion Liquefied Natural Gas plant. He has also advised on key transactions like the $1.275 billion financing of the Exxon Mobil Natural Gas Liquid II Project, the $1.06 billion financing of trains four and five of the Nigerian Liquefied Natural Gas Plant Expansion Project and the $3.5 billion financing of the NNPC and Mobil Producing Unlimited Satellite Oil Field Project. He sits on the boards of MTN Nigeria, Nestle Nigeria and CFAO, among many others.
“Corporate law was something I was good at. It’s something that is dependent on your network and it is something that comes naturally to me. At White & Case and at Gulf Oil, that was my forte. I had invested a significant amount of my time around that so I was able to very quickly develop as a good oil and gas lawyer,” says Oyebode.
His wife, Aisha, attests to this. “What I admire most about Gbenga is he is very kind and warm and he is a people’s person. I do not know anybody that doesn’t like Gbenga.”
It was what Oyebode did next that distinguished him from his peers.
“One of the people that I studied a lot was Chief Chris Ogunbanjo. He ran the biggest law firms in town and was a lawyer who represented all the multinationals and was a lawyer who got involved in the businesses he represented. So when I came back [to Nigeria], I saw his model as one that I could emulate. I saw that he was able to achieve his objective, which was essentially run a significant law firm and become the advisor of the biggest corporates in the market as well as the repository of knowledge of what it means to work in Nigeria,” says Oyebode.
And that was to become Oyebode’s operating style over the next two decades. His modus operandi was simple.
Find opportunities, which he could maximize, and provide professional services and legal advice to top-tier corporate clients and where there was an opportunity, take a chunk of the business.
“One of the things as an entrepreneur that you tend to look at is opportunities around you, so long as those opportunities don’t divert your from your chosen path. If you ask me what I want to be known as, I would say a lawyer first, then an investor,” he says.
Oyebode sits on boards of companies that he has invested in as well as boards that he has been invited to join due to his significant expertise in corporate Nigeria.
The last two decades have seen a veritable boom in the business. For Oyebode, the key is passion for what you do.
“I am driven to build a big firm. We have 85 associates in three offices. There are 16 partners in the firm across the different practice areas that you expect a full service law firm to have, from legislation to corporate law to intellectual property, to risk and governance. So these are all key sectors that are sectors for growth of the Nigerian economy. The rationale is building a legacy that is driven by return,” says Oyebode.
Ever the opportunist, Oyebode is also looking to capitalize on the growth in demand of global companies looking for local partners in the real estate sector. He has a two-hotel deal with the Fairmont Group to establish hotels in Lagos and Abuja. Given the size in the number of tourists and business people in the country, Oyebode believes there is tremendous growth opportunities in this sector.
“The view is that there is still a gap around the hospitality business in Lagos. I go to Accra and I see the Kempinski and Movenpick hotels and I know that if Accra can do it then Lagos certainly has significant scope to develop hotels. Abuja only has the Hilton.”
But it has not all been smooth sailing. No sooner had he started his second stint at a law firm that tragedy struck.
“Life is about tripping and falling and learning from mistakes, pulling your strengths and moving on. My partner, Bankole Aluko, had a mild illness and called in sick for a couple of days. I decided to pay him a visit after work and on my way there, I was told he had passed away suddenly. It was a big shock because we had built everything together and most of the lawyers that joined us did so because of our strength as a firm. I had the corporate law expertise and he was a litigation expert. I thought it was all over at the point,” says Oyebode.
It was dark times for Oyebode.
“In those days it was very difficult to get clients. They came to you because they knew you and your reputation so it was very personality-driven. Today, clients look at your brand and your track record. So losing Bankole both as a dear friend and a professional was devastating.”
He vowed to continue the legacy they had started together and leave his name on the business as a named partner, which still stands today. These days, Oyebode is more interested in giving back. He mentors the next generation and is finding ways to give back. He has also turned his attention from corporate boards to philanthropy boards and actively seeks out opportunities to contribute to the community.
On the issue of Nigeria’s Economic and Financial Crimes Commission’s (EFCC) fight to retrieve Nigeria’s stolen loot, which is estimated to be billions of dollars from state coffers, Oyebode offers some practical advice.
“My concern about Nigeria is not the lack of law or policy but always about execution. I think we have a robust legal system, we have laws and policies in place and we have a strong civil service. Do people obey the law around the world? Yes, and that is because they are afraid of sanctions. So if you do not obey the law or sanctions, then you pay the price. So our problem is a lack of execution of good policy, inconsistent application of the laws and sometimes, we have allowed federal character and the process of rotating positions to trump skill and expertise so therefore mediocrity is able to rise to the very top.”
But that is an ongoing fight, which Oyebode believes will not be solved overnight. Presently, his focus is on leveraging his expertise as one of the most formidable and accomplished legal minds to add value and give back to Nigeria.
His legal firm is a victim of its own success. And this is a happy problem to have.
Herbert Wigwe, the CEO Access Bank, one of Nigeria’s top banking institutions, calls Oyebode one of the strongest legal minds, not just in Nigeria but also across the world.
“And I say this because I have a strong personal relationship with him, apart from the fact that in Nigeria, he runs the strongest corporate law office. The existence of what is a modern Access Bank would never have happened but for people like Gbenga….All of these attributes have led him to sit on most of the large corporate boards in the country…Saying Gbenga is the new face of business in Africa is not something that is far-fetched; it is something that he has proven over and over again in his career.”
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