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Speeding Into The Future



Five years ago, I stood on one of the most barren stretches of land in the north-eastern corner of South Africa waiting for a small turbo-prop passenger aircraft to land.

For almost two years (and allowing for a number of weather breaks due to flooding), hundreds of the local inhabitants had been clearing the runway by hand… picking up stone by stone in the searing heat.

For the vast majority of these hardy Northern Cape folks, it was their very first job in life. There is not much in the way of commercial development surrounding the flat and seemingly endless stretch of baked mud and salt called Hakskeen Pan in the Kalahari desert.

But if all goes according to plan – or pan as it happens – a massive dust storm across those golden-brown sands will suddenly become the focus of the world’s media.

The satellite images will show a yellow column moving at more than a thousand miles per hour and at the center of it what looks like a very low-flying aircraft catapulted by rocket and jet engines.

This 7.5-ton supersonic Tessie will skim across the pan at such a speed that tyres would be shredded by the G-forces. So each wheel will be engineered from 100 kilograms of aerospace aluminium.

You’re right… the fastest wheels ever created!

Around midday there was the sound of whining engines and the incongruous sight of a Beechcraft King Air touching down with a veil of billowing dust.

The Bloodhound Project team, headed by former land-speed record holder Richard Noble, climbed down the folding stairs to explain why they had selected this remote location for one of the most ambitious endeavours of our time.

To annihilate the world land speed record with the Bloodhound SSC (supersonic car), driven by current holder Wing Commander Andy Green, reaching 1,000 miles-per-hour on that scorched earth. Think about that for a second… 1,600 kilometers-per-hour, Mach 1.4, faster than the low-altitude record for aircraft.

It is 20 years since the 55-year-old British Royal Air Force pilot set the mark of 1,228 km/h at the controls of Thrust SSC in Nevada’s Black Rock Desert. If successful, it will be the biggest leap in land speed history.

According to the Bloodhound research team, if you fired what used to be the most powerful handgun in the world, Dirty Harry’s .44 Magnum, at the tail of the pencil-shaped car as it passed and Green toggled the hybrid rocket as the revolver went off, the bullet would never hit the car.

READ MORE: A Concept Car That Captivates

They originally looked at Verneukpan to the south which has lured speedsters for many decades. The most famous was Sir Malcolm Campbell who set out to break the record of 350km/h way back in 1929 in his Bluebird.

The track that he compacted on the pan is still visible today. But it was not a glorious escapade for Campbell. He lost his briefcase with vital performance data, his aircraft crashed into a tree near Calvinia, dust devils were a major hazard and the 26-kilometer track looked directly into the rising sun. But it was the sharp stones and thorny brush that were his final downfall and tyre damage forced him to abandon the attempt.

Recent inspections revealed that the shale bed of Verneukpan was breaking up. So Hakskeen Pan it is and we wait for Bloodhound SSC (which had its first outing at Cornwall Airport recently) to set the world alight with this “engineering adventure”.

On the sidelines will be the people so removed from the fast lane of modern motoring technology who played that vital role of clearing the undefined ‘track’ so Bloodhound does not end up in the same dire situation as Bluebird.

Building a car quicker than a fighter jet is not, however, the main aim of the project. It is rather to inspire future generations to take up careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

Unlike all other forms of motorsport – especially Formula One (F1) – there are virtually no restrictions on the design of a land speed challenger with all developments and research being shared on a public platform.

READ MORE: The Golden Road Ahead

Many manufacturers claim to feed off F1 technology but few have embraced and refined it to the extent of Mercedes-AMG Project ONE.

Construction of the first all-wheel drive Project ONE hypercar is still almost two years away and much is being kept under tightly bound wraps, despite the international launch at the Frankfurt motor show.

But it is projected that one of these magnificent machines will set you back around $2.8 million and less than 300 of them will be produced.

In line with the engine downsizing of the decade, the powerplant is a 1.6-liter V6 hybrid which incorporates the best of AMG plus the finely tuned hi-tech of F1 world champion Lewis Hamilton’s racecar. Sounds like a difficult act to follow – quite literally!

And that muscular mill works in tandem with four electric motors, two to drive the front wheels when you are cruising.

This mid-engined Merc monster is being designed to rocket to 200km/h in under six seconds. And quite easily breeze past the 350km/h that Malcolm Campbell was chasing on Verneukpan.

Overall design elements are also being influenced by the racetrack. Aerodynamics are a given but it also needs a plethora of air intakes for cooling and generating downforce along with a massive wing which arises above the squat and threatening rear end.

The similarities with Hamilton’s F1 don’t end there. The Project One steed will have to go in for a “mechanical revision” at 50,000 kilometers. At least it’s a longer cycle than the Petronas racecar’s 20,000 kilometer upgrade.

“Motorsport is not an end in itself for us. Faced with intense competition, we develop technologies from which our production vehicles also subsequently benefit. We are drawing on our experiences and successes from three constructors’ and drivers’ world championships to bring Formula One technology to the road for the first time,” says Dieter Zetsche, Chairman of the Board of Management of Daimler AG and Head of Mercedes-Benz Cars.

One of the biggest challenges for the Project ONE team is decibels. The scream of the high-revving engine may be a welcome feature around Spa-Francorchamps but maybe not so popular around the suburban shopping center.

It’s envisaged that the idling speed will be around a quarter of F1’s 4,000 revolutions per minute!

The timing is synchronized with AMG’s 50th birthday – definitely an occasion to make some noise about.

Bloodhound and Project ONE – two brave ventures to steepen the parabolic curve of technological advancement even further.

According to that famous quote, attributed to Albert Einstein, “Only those who attempt the absurd can achieve the impossible.” – Written by Derek Watts

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Quote Of The Day



We have grown past the stage of fairy-tale. As women, we have one common front and that is to succeed. We have to take the bull by the horn and make the change happen by ourselves.

– Folorunso Alakija, Billionaire Businesswoman

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Quote Of The Day



“The best view comes after the hardest climb.”

– Unknown

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Covid-19 In Kenya: ‘We Are No Longer Dreaming’



Kamweti wa Mutu with his two children; Charlie, 11, and Adia, 8, with their Golden Retriever, Nalia, pictured at their home in Nairobi; image supplied

Kenya is perhaps one of the quieter domains of the global Covid-19 pandemic. However, as its hold intensifies across the country, Kenyans, from all walks of life, have found themselves not only preparing for the worst but also taking stock of the impact it has already had on their lives.

By his own admission, Musa Esevwe, a 49-year-old sculptor and entrepreneur, had never, in his life, experienced trouble with his sleep. That is until Covid-19 arrived in his hometown, Nairobi, in mid-March.

Within the space of a week, a national curfew was announced via Presidential address. Not long after, as confirmed cases jumped to 91, a partial lockdown was imposed around the Nairobi Metropolitan Area, restricting the movement of people in to, and out of, the city.

Travel was tightly regulated and international flights temporarily suspended. The few who do manage to make it to the country, by road or sea, must endure a mandatory two-week quarantine, at the border, before they can obtain official approval to proceed to their final destination.

Meanwhile, inside Kenya’s borders, lives changed overnight. Intensive lockdown measures severely hampered trading for both informal vendors and businesses, causing upheaval in some areas. In April, small business owners clashed with police over the forced closure of their establishments, in Nyeri, a busy provincial hub in Central Kenya.

Schools have been shut since March and, while official numbers are yet to be published, thousands have lost their jobs and livelihoods. Those, still fortunate to be in employment, have had to transform their homes into offices.

“It is like a very bad dream that we are living in now. The happiness and security we once had has gone… we are no longer dreaming, even for those who can still sleep,” says Esevwe whose own business, which was heavily dependent on the disposable income of the middle class and occasional tourists, has been destroyed by the pandemic.

Along with Esevwe, among the hardest hit are the nation’s families, who, for months now, have been confined to their houses.

The lockdown period has been particularly difficult for Kamweti wa Mutu, an international development professional and amateur nature photographer, living in Nairobi. Currently out of work, and with his wife, now the family’s sole breadwinner, stationed in Tanzania, he’s had to play multiple roles to keep his household afloat.

“The quarantine order [on March 13] was sudden, but commendably prompt, meaning it was a somewhat tough transition getting our two children; Charlie, 11, and Adia, 8, settled into home-schooling routines. After a week, we [had to] put our house-help on leave, with some pay, so as not to place [any] undue risk on either her or us,” he says.

Prior to the pandemic, Mutu was actively looking for work. However, the economic turmoil set off by the virus is now a cause for concern.

“I have struggled to find full-time employment for a while [now] but my family has been very supportive with understanding and prayers. The kids have a good grasp of this, in light of the pandemic, but it’s not [yet] getting them anxious. As a household currently on one income, this aspect is a grave one. Most worrisome is my wife losing her post [because of the pandemic], or worse, one of our family members falling ill,” he continues.

Perhaps the most traumatic impact of Covid-19 on the family is their separation. With travel into Kenya currently restricted, Mutu’s wife won’t be able to return until her consultancy with an environmental organization in Tanzania concludes.

When she does, it will probably have to be by road as international flights are suspended. After crossing the border, she’ll have to spend 14 days at a quarantine center, receiving a special permit to enter Nairobi only once she tests negative for the virus.

While this has added an extra layer of anxiety to their situation, the family is choosing to focus on the bigger picture, insists Mutu.

“We have talked a bit about this, and what it would mean for a normal life, even beyond the current situation. However, we have not delved deeply into worst-case scenarios other than how Covid-19 is devastating other families and societies. We have stocked up on enough essentials including non-perishable foodstuffs, water, face-masks, and power to last us a while.”

Elsewhere in the city, Sophie O, who asked that we change her name for this report, is also finding life under lockdown a challenge. The 30-year-old Marketing Manager works for a major multinational in Nairobi and is doing her best to adapt to the ‘new normal’ of being based from home.

“It’s been quite difficult especially because I have three children; a nine-month old, a two-year-old and a six-year-old. It’s been hard for the two-year-old to understand that I am ‘at work’, he keeps barging into [work] calls and expecting us to play. Now, I have to keep my camera off during conference calls although ideally, as a standard, it would have to be on,” she says.

With schools now closed, and most students across the country taking classes virtually, many parents, especially those with younger children, are burdened with the added responsibility of home-schooling. In this, Ms O admits that she is struggling.

“Personally, I’ve really done my best just keeping track with all the lessons they have to do. I think probably if I didn’t have to be ‘at work’, I could have done a better job in terms of being there for my daughter but it’s quite a challenge. You have to work because work pays the bills and work also pays the school fees,” she says.

Factors, firmly out of her control, are also impacting her productivity.

“The practicalities of working from home, like having a workstation, I have had to figure out. But with the internet… some days it’s good, some days it’s bad, and some days you have a blackout and there’s nothing you can do!” she laments.

The experience of both these families hints at the wider setbacks being faced by businesses and the Kenyan economy, as a whole. From Nairobi, Edwin Macharia, Global Managing Partner at multinational advisory firm, Dalberg Advisors, has been leading a fortnightly webinar series advising African leaders and policymakers on how best to respond to the ongoing crisis. He insists that they must appreciate the severity of the pandemic’s impact and act accordingly.

“Our job [on the webinar] is to make sure that [leaders] are sufficiently shaken and begin acting appropriately. China bought the world a couple of weeks to prepare and get ‘ahead of the curve’ in terms of intervention but, unfortunately, that jolt wasn’t hard enough in some places. This is very quickly moving from being a health concern to actually being an economic concern,” Macharia warned attendees in early April.

At the time, despite relatively low levels of confirmed cases, African economies were already feeling the pinch with stock markets plummeting and currencies devalued. A few weeks later, as the threat escalated, the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) declared that a funding gap of $100 billion needed to be filled in order for governments to battle the pandemic, and its consequences, across the continent.

“The long-term economic effects will become more apparent in the coming months. Inputs not available locally will be inaccessible due to tighter border controls, while markets, for producers serving several industries, will be diminished, leaving many households without a sustainable income,” predicts Macharia.

If they are to have any hope of success, Macharia emphasizes that responses to Covid-19 in Africa will have to be a collaborative effort.

“Flattening the curve demands that governments, institutions, and business leaders are intentional in how they implement their response strategies. Organizations will need to go beyond [their] usual business continuity planning while the public sector needs to re-model institutions in order to slow down the current trajectory of infections while ensuring long-term resilience.”

An example of these wider response strategies are already at work in a number of Kenyan hospitals. Dr Michael Mwachiro, Secretary-General at the Surgical Society of Kenya, is currently stationed at Tenwek Hospital, a faith-based teaching and referral hospital in Bomet County, 230 kilometers west of Nairobi. On May 13, the county recorded its first Covid-19 fatality, at Longisa Hospital, the only public referral hospital in the area.

“We’re now seeing more community-transferred cases in Kenya. I think the advantage that we may have had [compared to] other parts of the world is that we were watching as things were unfolding and, because of that, we had a bit more time to prepare [as a country], and put some measures in place. But if you read the news, or listen to the radio, you’ll hear people complaining that we should have intervened earlier but that’s a difficult thing [to do] if you look at how many stakeholders are involved along with the nature of our economy and public health system,” he says.

Part of these preparations, Mwachiro says, included immediately training the country’s health workers on Covid-19 procedures along with introducing measures preventing the movement of people from hotspots in major cities into rural Kenya, where a bulk of the population lives.

“Nairobi and Mombasa already have containment measures in place. The bigger concern is that, if Covid-19 moves out of the cities to other parts of the country, the effects would be much scarier. These [rural] areas are where the older people are, who are much more vulnerable.”

In addition to the supplementary training for medical personnel, some elective procedures and non-essential surgeries have been put on hold so that all available resources can be committed to fighting the virus at hospitals. However, besides preparedness, maintaining the morale of doctors and nurses will continue to be an ongoing concern throughout the crisis.

“We’ll have to deal with the levels of anxiety and motivation experienced by healthcare workers and first responders taking care of these patients. Doctors and nurses are human, too, and they are experiencing the same emotions as everyone else. You can imagine that, in as much as [their] families are worried about them, they, too, are also worried about their families, and themselves, as well,” he says.

Some medical professionals responding to the crisis, in parts of the country, have had to make the difficult decision to live apart from their families as they work to contain the virus. But the taxing nature of their work, coupled with extended periods of isolation, means that counseling and support services will need to be made available to them as the cases continue to rise.

“We’ll have to deal with the levels of anxiety and motivation experienced by healthcare workers and first responders taking care of these patients. Doctors and nurses are human, too, and they are experiencing the same emotions as everyone else. You can imagine that, in as much as [their] families are worried about them, they, too, are also worried about their families, and themselves, as well.”

As it stands, Kenya, like most of the continent, has not been as badly hit when compared to epicenters in Europe or North America. However, this may be due to the fact that the worst is still on its way. In May, the World Health Organization estimated that up to 190,000 Africans may be killed by the pandemic, at its peak.

With Covid-19 due to exert immense pressure on our public health systems, it does offer some important lessons for the future, explains Mwachiro.

“What this outbreak has brought about, for us in Africa, is [the fact] that we need to invest more in our healthcare systems. This has been said so many times… there have even been a number of strikes [in Kenya] by various stakeholders, all of them trying to highlight these issues. This is a good wake up call. I honestly believe that, if we had spent more on health [before the crisis], it would have gone a long way in helping us to be better prepared. Hopefully, once this [pandemic] resolves, we can keep the momentum going and we can continue looking inwardly for solutions.”

Naturally, Covid-19, with its grim predictions and disruption of lives, has many Kenyans worried about the future. Nevertheless, the challenges of the moment are being met in stride. Families have quickly adjusted to new ways of living while their leaders seek sage advice on how best to address the crisis, and doctors continue to make sacrifices, day in and day out, as they brace for the worst.

Perhaps, most important of all is that, in the pandemic’s wake, hope has become an obstinate presence in all quarters of Kenyan society.

– Marie Shabaya

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