As revenue dwindles from Nigeria’s foreign exchange reserves, calls for the government to find alternative export revenue sources have never been as loud. A return to agriculture, once the biggest industry before the oil boom of the seventies, has been touted as the most viable solution. Mining has come to the fore as another potential revenue earner, though the drop in global commodity prices will have a bearing on investor appetite.
These alternatives can generate significant revenue for the nation but, as seen with oil, a robust and watertight system will be required to ensure that all revenue from mining is redeployed into states where there is mining activity.
There are many factors that have prevented mining in Nigeria being considered a real growth earner. Whereas Nigeria’s oil is internationally recognized, the grade and quality of the country’s minerals are not recognized as meeting international standards. This has led to questionable practices being carried out by miners and traders to ensure that they make a profit on their substandard material. Furthermore, testing centers and labs are few and far between, diluting the viability of finding a buyer.
The recently installed Minister of Solid Minerals and Mining, Kayode Fayemi, has already begun to develop strategies to ensure the development of the sector is maintained from federal to artisanal level. The fragmented nature of the mining sector in Nigeria allows for local cartels to take advantage of what is seen by many as a hostile business. Due to the lack of legislation, locals prefer to sell ores for quick gains to foreign buyers, rather than dealing with the bans and restrictions that come with the legal channels. Foreign buyers are able to get more for their money by capitalizing on the porous laws. The government in Congo is aware that the trace minerals, associated with the ores, amount to something valuable and have made it illegal to export them.
Confidence precedes investment and, with the global mining sector experiencing a downturn, the lack of protection given to mining in Nigeria risks deterring potential investors. Abundant natural resources should be a gift, not a curse. The lack of policy presents an opportunity for the ministry to develop the legislation that governs the sector. This will give confidence to mining companies who want to invest in a robust system. As with the Local Content Act in the oil and gas sector, there are policies that can protect the mining sector to keep the wealth in Nigeria. A ban on importing raw materials that could be mined in Nigeria is a start.
Today, a lot of Nigeria’s mining is at artisanal level. A workforce is usually made up of locals from surrounding villages. Armed with a spade, they get to work using crude techniques to extract the ore. This exposes toxins, leading to poor health and damage to the environment.
When visiting a mine, it is not uncommon to see the landscape punctuated by parcels of land ransacked for their minerals. In countries where mining is prominent, there is a synergistic approach with environmental and mining ministries working together to ensure that the environment and surrounding communities are not negatively affected by the excavation.
Unofficial tax collectors are also known to plague the routes on which the mined material is transported. While companies have come to expect this in Africa, business will increase if this practice is eradicated in Nigeria. The mining ministry must engage with states and local governments to ensure that royalties and taxes reach federal accounts. With idiosyncratic systems catering to minorities, the fact that no major international mining companies are established in Nigeria is indicative of the lack of confidence they have in the country’s mining sector.
The general perception among Nigerians is that Minister Fayemi has the skills and intellect to successfully navigate his challenging post. During his term as Governor of Ekiti State, he attracted international finance. He is now expected to be just as bullish in Nigeria’s potentially lucrative mining sector.
Cryptocurrency for Africans
George Gordon is on a quest to revolutionize the financial system. The director of Africa Master Blockchain Company talks digital currencies, blind risks and board games.
What is this new African cryptocurrency you are offering?
Where the majority of current digital currencies are based on speculative models, AfriUnion Coin (AUC) and the AfriNational Tokens (ANT)are designed for a transactional purpose allowing international payments, remittances, foreign direct investment as well as day-to-day transactions at local retail stores and other outlets. While the option for speculative trade is available with AUC, the focus is not around that.
Each African country will have a specially-designed ANT which will allow users to pay for goods and services and bills easily through completely digital means without requiring any bank account. AUC and ANT will be fully interchangeable to one another and there will be no fees for the user.
It’s the natural next step for digital finance from mobile banking which most Africans are accustomed to. The ability to freely have the power to send and receive money locally and internationally will allow the freedom of choice and spending power many Africans don’t have currently.
What is your own investment philosophy?
I am a gambler! I believe in taking risks and putting things on the line. That being said, blind risk or whimsical guesses don’t get you very far. Always acquire enough information to understand to a reasonable level what the thing you are planning on investing is or how it works and then trust your instinct and gut feel.
What advice would you give entrepreneurs wanting to invest in blockchain?
First, do some research in terms of what the blockchain technology is being applied for or created in terms of its application to an industry or project. Thereafter, check the white paper for the design of the platform as well as its functionality and applicability to what it is trying to achieve. If it aligns with your personal investment rules, then go for it,however, remember that blockchain is continuously evolving and thus you need to explore outside the usual and standard.
First cash-less, now card-less. What is the future of online banking?
If we are looking into what is currently science fiction, I would say the future is digital contact lenses that will be able to connect you to all your social media accounts, internet, news as well as make payments by just looking at QR codes or specialized barcodes to approve and accept payments.
Now, realistically we are not far off from such innovation and technology, but for the time being, I think the next step is scanning of QR codes at retailers and having the transaction automated from your wallet to the retailers digitally.
What is your most prized investment and why?
My mind. I believe that the work I have put into developing my mind, and continue to do so every day, is the number one investment that I have ever done. It allows me to look at things in a unique perspective as well as provides me with the tools to push boundaries and create new opportunities.
Money, success, fame? Which is most important to you?
I would have to say success… because it is most likely going to bring the other two as well, right? But success in the form of starting something and letting it grow and succeed and knowing that something new exists because of your efforts.
What do you spend your money on mostly?
Board games. I love board games and believe it’s a fantastic way to expand your mind as well as have fun with friends.
King Price CEO On Why He Invested On Insurance
King Price Insurance’s CEO Gideon Galloway, who built an insurance company in South Africa worth over $226 million in six years, talks investments, industry trends and how self-driving cars will change the entire car insurance landscape.
Offering The American Dream
Gar Lippincott and Daniel Ryan of Atlantic American Partners were in South Africa recently looking for high-net-worth individuals wanting to invest in the US.
It’s a warm spring day in September, and Gar Lippincott and Daniel Ryan have just arrived in South Africa. It is Lippincott’s first time in the country, and he is jet-lagged.
A little over two months ago, he was booked to fly here from the United States (US) but was turned back at immigration.
“At Atlanta airport, the lady looked at Daniel’s visa and let him through and she looked at my visa and she said ‘I am afraid you can’t get on the plane because you have to have a blank page on your passport’. I said ‘I have three blank pages’ and she said ‘no, it’s supposed to be the one that says visa on it’. She said it’s the rules in South Africa so I had to sadly go back home… now when I was coming, I was told that’s not an issue anymore so I am happy they have made traveling into the country easier,” says Lippincott.
With a brand-new passport, he’s here with Ryan looking for people who want to invest in the US in exchange for a green card.
Lippincott, the Managing Partner of Atlantic American Partners, says he has always been keen on South Africa for its growth opportunities and prospects.
“From what I understand, the things that are causing short-term decline in the economy in South Africa are set up to provide long-term growth and hopefully people will understand this,” he says. Ryan, the company’s Managing Director of Emerging Markets – Africa, agrees: “I lived in Malawi for 12 years and South Africa is still considered the shining one throughout the continent. Even with all the problems, everyone still wants to come here because of the opportunities.”
According to an AfrAsia Bank report, South Africa comes second to Mauritius in boasting the highest number of high-net-worth individuals.
These are the kind of people Ryan and Lippincott target through their work at Atlantic American Partners. The company has real estate investors and professional private equity fund managers that manage money for banks, insurance companies, and pension funds. In addition, they help people get US green cards and ultimately US citizenship through the US government’s EB-5 Immigrant Investor Visa Program.
“Basically we look for people who want to move to the United States and we help them do so legally by investing and the nice thing is, with our program, they are also able to get a nice return on investment,” he says.
According to Lippincott, for a $500,000 investment that creates 10 jobs for American workers, you could get a green card in about two years and be a US citizen in about six or seven years. “Twenty seven countries have an investor visa program but with most of them, it’s essentially a fee you pay, or you need to be actively engaged in the day-to-day operation of a business. For example, you invest $1.5 million in Australia, but you need to hire employees and generate a certain amount of revenue. One of the biggest advantages with our program is you actually invest the $500,000 into a fund. We act as a trustee of that money and within five to seven years, they get that money back with a bit of return on investment and you are a permanent citizen in the US.”
Atlantic American Partners invests the money in real estate developments like hotels, apartments and student accommodation.
“What’s nice about the program is it doesn’t only cover the investor; it covers the spouse and children under 21. Our biggest family was a Hungarian family with seven children so they got nine green cards for $500,000,” says Lippincott.
The company says it has had positive response in South Africa. “Two months ago, we were here and we had scheduled six presentations for 100 people and we ended up speaking to 450 people. Most were business people, people worried about the economy, people worried about the political future of South Africa and people concerned about the education future of their children,” says Ryan.
According to Lippincott, despite the news of the clampdown on immigration, the US economy is booming and will perish without immigration. In the era of Donald Trump and his anti-immigrant views, that’s heartening news indeed.
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